The Robusta bean, from which the coffee of the same name is obtained, is found mainly between the 20th northern and 20th southern latitudes. Originally discovered in Africa and first traded in Indonesia in the 17th century, Robusta is characterised by a particularly high caffeine content as well as resistance to diseases and pathogens. Visually the Robusta bean is rather small, it has a roundish shape, a straight cut and a rather delicate pole tip. Ideally, wild Robusta beans can reach a height of up to 8 metres.
Together with Arabica, Robusta is the world’s most sought-after coffee variety. Differences between the two can be clearly seen in caffeine and chlorogenic acids. Robusta has a caffeine content of between 2 and 4.5 percent (Arabica: 1.1 to 1.7 percent). In terms of taste, Robusta is more bitter and usually less aromatic than Arabica. Today, Robusta is mainly cultivated in Vietnam, Brazil, Indonesia and India, but also to some extent in Africa.